Learn with Edwin Robotics

230v/110v AC Mains Detection Module Hookup Guide

AC Line Detection Module Schematics

Want to check if you left your lights ON remotely, need to detect the zero crossing point for your dimming circuit or do you just need to interface a 230V signal to your Arduino? The AC Mains Detector board simplifies interfacing high voltage signals by giving a digital output when an AC voltage is detected. By disabling the on board capacitor, zero crossing detection is possible as well.

AC Line detection Module

You can buy this item from the following links:

Within GCC: Edwin Robotics

International OrderTindie

Let us have a look at the guide contents, refer to the list below:

 

Components

AC Line detection Module

Arduino UNO

Male-Female Jumper wires

 

Board Pinouts

Top Side

Bottom Side

Note: Working with AC voltages is DANGEROUS, care must be taken to prevent any short circuits or mistakes in connection. And as always, you are doing this project at your own risk and Edwin Robotics or the Author cannot be held liable for any damages.

 

Circuit Schematics

The circuit consists of two main parts, first is the Bridge Rectifier (DB107) which converts the AC signal to DC and the second is the Optocoupler (LTV816), which provides isolation between High voltage(HV) side and Low Voltage (LV) Side.

 

A pull-up resistor is provided for use with microcontrollers (e.g. ESP8266) that do not have an internal pullup resistor.

 

Interfacing with Arduino

The hardware connections are pretty straightforward. On the low voltage side the + (positive symbol) goes to VCC of microcontroller, – (negative symbol) goes to GND and S goes any digital/interrupt pin. On the high voltage side, the AC lines are connected.

Arduino Connections

In this example, Pin 2 on the arduino is used in this example as it can be used as an interrupt pin as well.

Sample Code:

#define Signal_Pin 2  // Modify this pin as per your connection

void setup() {
  pinMode(Signal_Pin , INPUT_PULLUP);
  Serial.begin(9600);
}

void loop() {
  if ( digitalRead(Signal_Pin) == 0 )
    Serial.println (" AC Mains 230v Detected ");
}

 

Note: Do not touch the PCB once powered, you can get electrocuted. Keep it away from reach of humans/Animals. Make sure that there are no shorted wires, when connecting the 230v AC mains supply.

 

Zero Crossing Detection using Arduino

By default zero crossing detection is disabled by the use of a 2.2uF capacitor, in order to use the board for zero crossing detection the capacitor needs to be bypassed by cutting the trace shown below. It can be resoldered at any time later to disable zero crossing:

Modify the jumper

The Arduino connection will be same as before, upload the following code and view the output on Serial Monitor at 9600 baud rate:

#define Signal_Pin 2 //Use Arduino Pin 2 or pin 3, both supports hardware interrupt
int counter=0;

void setup()
{
  pinMode(Signal_Pin , INPUT_PULLUP);
  Serial.begin(9600);
  attachInterrupt(0, zero_crosss_int, RISING);  // Choose the zero cross interrupt # from the table above
}

void zero_crosss_int()  // function to be fired at the zero crossing to dim the light
{
  counter++;
}

void loop()
{
  Serial.println(counter);
}

 

You can see that the counter value increases with every cycle of AC line and the moment you turn off the AC line, the counter Stops as well.

 

References: